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Vocational education and training in the Nordic countries – Knowledge and interventions to combat gender segregation


In the Nordic countries, both education and the labour market are strongly gendersegregated. This segregation is both vertical and horizontal, meaning that women are found in different courses and study programmes and sectors of the labour market than men, and also find themselves in different positions in the hierarchies of education systems and working life. This gender segregation has consequences for study and working conditions, pay, and the distribution of power and resources.

Combating gender bias is one of the strategic areas of intervention in official Nordic cooperation in the area of gender equality. The Danish Presidency of the Nordic Council of Ministers in 2020 therefore initiated a project that shed light on gendered educational choices in the Nordic countries. The Nordic Council of Ministers cooperation body Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK), located at the Swedish Secretariat for Gender Research, was commissioned to conduct a study focusing on gender segregation in VET in the Nordic countries.

The study provides an introduction to what we know about VET and gender as an area of knowledge, describes how VET in the Nordic countries is organised, and gives examples of how these countries have worked to break patterns of gender segregation and to retain pupils who belong to the under-represented sex. The study also includes a concluding analysis section which discusses the results of the survey conducted against the background of current knowledge in the field.

Co-operation for gender equality in working life


This summary presents results from co-operation projects financed by the Fund that have contributed to gender equality in the workplace. The purpose of this summary is to share knowledge and experience from these projects in order to increase their impact so that they will benefit more people, and to inspire others to participate in Nordic co-operation projects.

The summary has been prepared by Nordic Information on Gender (NIKK), which is a co-operation body under the Nordic Council of Ministers. NIKK has the task of managing the Nordic Gender Equality Fund.

Sexually harassed at work – A brief overview of the research in the Nordic countries


Sexual harassment is a major social problem in working life in the Nordic countries, which the #MeToo calls for action in autumn 2017 demonstrated in particular. This publication is a shorter version of the report Sexually harassed at work – An overview of the research in the Nordic countries. The report is based on a systematic review of the research literature from the Nordic countries in the period 2014–2019.

The purpose of this publication is to briefly present the current knowledge about sexual harassment in the workplace in the Nordic countries, while also making apparent key knowledge gaps where more research is needed. The publication is produced by NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender.

Summary: Equal Pay in the Nordic countries – the law and policy strategies.


This is a summary of the report Equal Pay in the Nordic countries – the law and policy strategies.

The report sheds light on the Nordic countries’ policy strategies and legislation in the area of equal pay and is based on interviews with researchers in the field, experts and professionals.

Equal pay in The Nordic countries – the law and policy strategies


Pay differences between the sexes constitute one of the biggest obstacles to achieving gender equality in the Nordic countries. Equal pay in the Nordic countries – the law and policy strategies sheds light on the Nordic countries’ policy strategies and legislation in the area of equal pay.

The publication is produced by NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, and is based on interviews with researchers in the field, experts and professionals.

Read our short summary of the report.

Updated 16 February 2021